Überblick:The career of Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802) affords an extraordinary glimpse into the intellectual ferment of late-eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century Britain. As a popular poet practicing physician inventor of speaking machines and mechanical birds essayer of natural history from geology to meteorology and proponent of an evolutionary theory that inspired his famous grandson Charles he left a lasting impression on almost every branch of knowledge. His magnum opus and the synthesis of his myriad interests is The Botanic Garden (1792) — an epic poem that aims to "enlist the Imagination under the banner of Science." Part I The Economy of Vegetation sings the praises of British industry as a dance of supernatural creatures while part II The Loves of the Plants wittily employs metaphors of human courtship to describe the reproductive cycles of hundreds of flowers. Darwin supplements his accomplished verses with (often much longer) "philosophical notes" that offer his idiosyncratic perspective on the scholarly controversies of the day. Despite a recent surge of academic interest in Darwin however no authoritative critical edition of The Botanic Garden exists presenting a barrier to further scholarship. This two volume set comprises a complete meticulously transcribed reading text — including all the poetry prose apparatus and illustrations — along with extensive commentary that situates Darwin within contemporary debates about the natural sciences. This set will be of interest to readers as the definitive reference edition of The Botanic Garden and due to its efforts to make the work more practically and intellectually accessible to seasoned and novice readers alikeThis second volume includes the full version of the second part of The Botanic Garden The Lives of Plants along with the related textual apparatus consisting of the editors’ annotations discussion of the illustrations textual notes and a taxonomic table of the flowers mentioned.